In Brief

Evaluating Cybersecurity Preparedness at Asset Managers – Part Two

October 2021


Past performance is not necessarily indicative of future results. No assurance can be given that any investment will achieve its given objectives or avoid losses. Unless apparent from context, all statements herein represent GCM Grosvenor’s opinion.

Readiness and Mitigation

In the first installment of “Evaluating Cybersecurity Preparedness at Asset Managers,” we highlighted some proactive and preventative measures that asset managers can take to best prepare for cybersecurity risks. Here we will discuss another component of a well-designed cybersecurity framework: readiness and mitigation – steps that help to effectively respond to a cyberattack and mitigate potential impact and/or losses.

As an investor on behalf of our clients, we consider it part of our fiduciary duty to ensure a high degree of protection of our clients’ data and personal information. Thus, the evaluation of the technology infrastructure and related controls at asset managers with whom we invest has been part of our operational due diligence (ODD) process since the early 2000’s. The risks and threats evolve over time, yet we remain focused. Given the recent surge in cybercrime activities and heightened sensitivity among financial institutions, particularly alternative asset managers, evaluating a firm’s protocols to recognize and react to an incident is as important a focus of our evaluation as it has even been.

According to one recent study, 70% of financial institutions reported a cyberattack in 2020, an increase of approximately 20% from 2019.[1] And the cost of data breaches is higher in financial services than in other sectors.

Average total cost of a data breach in 2021 ($mm)2

Average total cost of a data breach in 2021

We have found that the best-prepared firms are those who have made cyberattack readiness an integral part of their information security program. When evaluating the cyberattack readiness of asset managers, we look for the implementation of certain key practices:

Maintain Administrative Controls, Including Incident Response Plans & Procedures

An organization’s response must be instantaneous

When a cyberattack occurs, every moment matters. Well-prepared managers have an incident response plan that details, among other things, who will be responsible in the event of a cybersecurity incident and what actions need to be taken to contain the incident.

An asset manager’s incident response plan should include procedural documentation that is prescriptive in outlining response action steps and should be testable to ensure readiness. Such a plan should be reviewed annually, at a minimum.

Period Tabletop Exercises

Rehearsal of an incident response plan is key

An asset manager should conduct targeted rehearsal exercises to ensure that all those involved understand their responsibilities and are prepared to execute those responsibilities in the event of an attack. It is important to rehearse relevant threat situations (e.g., ransomware attack, Denial of Service (DoS) attack, data breach, etc.) to prepare the organization and those responsible for reacting to real life threats.

Data Backups and Recovery

Diversification and redundancy should be part of a data storage solution 

Data backups are an essential form of self-insurance. An organization should understand what data it has, how and where it is stored, and determine the appropriate data backup and restoration protocols. If these areas are addressed properly, the threat of data and financial loss from a cybersecurity incident poses a much lower risk of disrupting the business. Importantly, an asset manager must test these protocols to ensure reliability of the data storage and the restoration speed required amongst its critical and non-critical systems. Mature incident response programs will have target Recovery Time Objectives (RTOs) and Recovery Point Objectives (RPOs) which dictate how data is backed up and restored.

When done effectively, a manager can mitigate the potential loss from an incident and more quickly recover its operational environment.

An Incident Response Team

The right personnel and resources are capable of containing a cyberattack

We assess the skillset of an asset manager’s cyberattack response resources; an asset manager should have the proper resources to adequately manage and oversee its information security environment based on the size and complexity of its business. Whether an asset manager has dedicated in-house cybersecurity personnel, engagements with external response mitigation teams, or both, it is important for the roles and responsibilities to be documented and understood by all parties involved. For many asset managers, especially small and emerging managers, suitable cybersecurity resources can be provided through an external consultant. Additionally, many firms have also engaged an external incident response mitigation team, who can be ready 24/7 should an unexpected issue arise.

Cyber Insurance

A growing number of companies are insuring against disruption to their operations

Some firms are required to obtain insurance to cover business interruption from a regulatory perspective, while others are doing so voluntarily as it is becoming a sound business practice among larger asset managers. While cyber insurance cannot mitigate reputational losses, it can help to backstop financial losses arising from an attack. The cyber insurance market is evolving and growing; at insurance broker Marsh McLennan, the number of companies who have added cyber insurance has nearly doubled in four years.  

Companies are adding cyber insurance 3

Percent of eligible companies who have added coverage

Companies are adding cyber insurance

At this stage, we recommend firms closely evaluate their cybersecurity risk profile, including relevant information technology hardware, to ensure proper coverage for the specific risks each asset manager may face.


We believe focusing on, and implementing, these elements are crucial to a firm’s ability to mitigate potential damages arising from a cyber incident. Asset managers must take a tailored approach to cyber defense, and our ODD team evaluates whether an asset manager’s overall technology program is appropriate for the size and strategy of the business, including any regulatory requirements. We feel that this “right-sizing” review, along with an evaluation of the individual(s) responsible for implementation of an asset manager’s cyber program, is important to assessing cyber defense and can often be overlooked.

Regardless of the size and strategy at an asset manager, GCM Grosvenor looks for strong enterprise protocols, shares our insights with managers to ensure best practices, and ultimately requires an asset manager’s cyber security program to meet our underwriting standards.

Learn more about GCM Grosvenor’s operational due diligence capabilities here.

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Important Disclosures

For illustrative and discussion purposes only. 

No assurance can be given that any investment will achieve its objectives or avoid losses. Past performance is not necessarily indicative of future results.

The information and opinions expressed are as of the date set forth therein and may not be updated to reflect new information.

Investments in alternatives are speculative and involve substantial risk, including strategy risks, manager risks, market risks, and structural/operational risks, and may result in the possible loss of your entire investment. The views expressed are for informational purposes only and are not intended to serve as a forecast, a guarantee of future results, investment recommendations, or an offer to buy or sell securities by GCM Grosvenor. All expressions of opinion are subject to change without notice in reaction to shifting market, economic, or political conditions. The investment strategies mentioned are not personalized to your financial circumstances or investment objectives, and differences in account size, the timing of transactions, and market conditions prevailing at the time of investment may lead to different results. Certain information included herein may have been provided by parties not affiliated with GCM Grosvenor. GCM Grosvenor has not independently verified such information and makes no representation or warranty as to its accuracy or completeness.

Data sources: 

[1] Source: “Cybercriminals Cash Out as Finance Industry Becomes Lucrative Target,” Keeper Security, Inc., January 27, 2021,

[2] Source: “Cost of a Data Breach Report 2021,” IBM,

[3] Source: “Ransomware claims are roiling an entire segment of the insurance industry,” The Washington Post, June 17, 2021,

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